- This is caused by pituitary adenoma and sometimes bronchogenic carcinoma that produce excessive amounts of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), which in turn stimulates production of cortisol (glucocorticoid) by adrenal glands.
- This condition can also be iatrogenic (caused by medications)
_Help maintain normal blood glucose concentrations by increasing gluconeogenesis
_Direct epinephrine to partially constrict blood vessels thus maintains the blood pressure.
_Have anti-inflammatory effects