## Basic introduction
## Causes of epiglottitisd,e
## Complications of epiglottitis
a. Richards, AM (February 2016). "Pediatric Respiratory Emergencies". Emergency medicine clinics of North America. 34 (1): 77–96.
b. Kenyan Ministry of Health. Clinical guidelines for management and referral of common conditions at levels 4-6. Hospitals. 2009; 3:259
c. Infectious Diseases. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2004. p. 461. ISBN 9780781733717.
d. Abdallah, C. (2012). Acute epiglottitis: Trends, diagnosis and management. Saudi journal of anesthesia, 6(3), 279.
e. Kornak, Jodi M., James E. Freije, and Bruce H. Campbell. "Caustic and thermal epiglottitis in the adult." Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery 114.2 (1996): 310-312.
f. Tibballs, J., & Watson, T. (2011). Symptoms and signs differentiating croup and epiglottitis. Journal of pediatrics and child health, 47(3), 77-82.
g. Ministry of Health, Kenya. Kenya Essential Medicine List (2016). http://publications.universalhealth2030.org/uploads/KEML-2016Final-1.pdf
h. Shankar, P. R. (2014). Essential medicines and health products information portal. Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics, 5(1), 74.
_Tabs Dexamethasone: children: 0.08 to 0.3 mg/kg/day in divided doses every 6-12 hours. Adults: 0.75 to 9 mg/day in divided doses every 6-12 hours.
_Adults and children > 2 months : IV Chloramphenicol 1g (children >2 months: 25mg/kg; maximum 1g) or i.m. QID x 5/7h;
_In case of suspected H. influenzae serotype b infection ADD a course of Rifampicin 600mg (neonates <1 month: 10mg/kg (maximum 300mg); children ≥1 month: 20mg/kg (maximum 600mg)) orally every 24 hours for 4 days
_Inj IM or IV Ceftriaxone: children: 50-100 mg/kg/day in divided doses every 12-24 hours. Adults: 1-2 g in divided doses every 12-24 hours; maximum 4 g/day;
_Inj Cefotaxime: children: 150-200 mg/kg/day in divided doses every 6-8 hours. Adults: 1-2 g every 6-12 hours; maximum 12 g/day
IV Clindamycin: children: 15-25 mg/kg/day in divided doses every 6 hours. Adults: 600 mg QID