Hematuria is defined as the presence of blood in urine, specifically more than three RBCs per high-power field on urine sediment examination.
It is a symptom/sign of an underlying renal disease.
##Causes of hematuria:
Sickle cell disease
Urinary tract stones
Drug toxicity such as sulphonamides, cyclophosphamide and NSAIDS
Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)
##Types of hematuria:
Visible hematuria (VH, macroscopic hematuria or gross hematuria). The most important causes of NVH are UTI, BPH and urinary calculi.
Non-visible hematuria (NVH or microscopic hematuria or dipstick-positive hematuria)
Symptomatic non-visible hematuria (s-NVH)
Asymptomatic non-visible hematuria (a-NVH)
The presence of blood in the urine
Test to confirm suspected underlying cause(s)
Full blood count (FBC)
Cytological examination of urine
Ultrasound of the renal tract
Cystoscopy may be necessary
Intravenous urography for suspected urinary tract stones
Foods such as beets, rhubarb, some food coloring
Prevention to be determined by underlying cause(s)
Treatment of underlying cause(s)
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