Pneumonia, chlamydial

Notes
  • Chlamydial pneumonia is a type of atypical bacterial pneumonia that is caused by Chlamydia pneumoniae.
  • It is mainly a mild disease and self-limiting (though it can be severe in isolated cases).
  • It is spread by airborne droplets as well physical contact especially with contaminated hands.
Symptoms
  • Coryza
  • Malaise
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Laryngitis
  • Pharyngitis
  • Symptoms can persist for a long time even after treatment
  • The symptoms of the following complications may be manifested: encephalitis, severe pneumonia, myocarditis, and worsening of asthma.
Diagnosis
  • Clinical review
  • Rapid serological tests
  • Culture and sensitivity in Reference labs
  • Molecular biology tests in Reference labs.
Differential
  • Severe pneumonia
  • Severe anemia
  • Asthma
  • Foreign body aspiration
  • Malaria
  • Cardiac disease
  • TB
Prevention

None

Management

##For children and adults;

  • Erythromycin 
  • Clarithromycin
  • Roxithromycin
  • Azithromycin

##For adults;

  • Doxycycline 
  • Tetracycline
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