Poisoning - Kerosene
- This is a common form of poisoning in children in areas where kerosene is used for lighting and cooking fuel.
- Kerosene is poorly absorbed through GIT but its aspiration into the respiratory tract causes pneumonitis and more so if there is vomiting.
- Pulmonary oedema, tachypnea, crepitations, rhonchi and hypoxaemia (due to pneumonitis)
- Intensive support
- Remove contaminated clothing
- Wash the skin with soap
- Avoid emesis or gastric lavage (unless large quantities have been ingested within a period of one hour and it is done by an expert).
- Activated Charcoal [Not in the EDL]
- Respiratory support;
- Oxygen [in the EDL]
- Chest X-ray to monitor pulmonary changes.
- Pulse oximetry