- Suicide is the act of purposely ending one's own life
- Statistics: Globally > 800,000 people commit suicide annually (and it is thought that 20 times this number, or 16 million, have attempted suicide); the proportion of people with suicide ideation (thoughts and plans) is still unknown, globally, it is the second cause of deaths among the 15-29yrs old; in Kenya, suicide is among the top 20 cause of death (cause no.20) while in USA, it is the 10th cause of death in general population; 75% of global suicides (2012) occur in low- and middle-income countries; the most common methods of suicide globally is ingestion of pesticide (about 30%), hanging and firearms; in USA, men are 4 times more likely to commit suicide than female but women attempt suicide 2 to 3 times more often than men; in USA, about 1 in 6 people who commit suicide leave the suicide note
- Risk factor for suicide include: depression and other mental disorders such as schizophrenia, previous attempt(s) to commit suicide, breakdown in the ability to deal with life stresses (e.g. financial problems, relationship break-up, chronic pain and illness), abuse, violence, serious physical disorders, abuse of alcohol and other substances of abuse, family history of suicide and discrimination
- People who stay alone are likely to commit suicide
##Stigma and taboo associated with suicide;
- Many candidates of committing suicide do not seek help
- Policy makers lack awareness of suicide as a major public health problem
- The taboo in many societies to openly discuss suicide.